Is Chandrayaan-1 success or failure? Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar probe, launched on October 22, 2008, by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), is widely regarded as a significant success in the country’s space exploration endeavors. While the mission did face some technical challenges, it achieved several groundbreaking accomplishments during its mission. One of the primary objectives of Chandrayaan-1 was to confirm the presence of water molecules on the Moon’s surface. The Moon Impact Probe (MIP) component of the spacecraft successfully made a controlled impact on the lunar surface in November 2008, providing crucial data that confirmed the existence of water molecules in the form of hydroxyl and water-ice. Chandrayaan-1’s moon mapping was a remarkable achievement. The probe carried the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) and the Moon Impact Probe (MIP) instruments, both of which successfully captured high-resolution images of the lunar surface. These images contributed significantly to our understanding of the Moon’s topography, mineral composition, and distribution of water molecules. Despite losing contact with Chandrayaan-1 in August 2009, much earlier than anticipated, the mission’s successful accomplishments make it a significant achievement for India’s space program. It paved the way for subsequent missions, including Chandrayaan-2, which launched in 2019 and aimed to further explore the Moon’s surface, including a soft landing attempt that showcased India’s continued commitment to space exploration.