What are examples of capitalism? Many modern economies are based on capitalism, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Japan, and many other countries. Here are some examples of capitalism in action: Private ownership of businesses: In a capitalist economy, individuals or groups can own and operate businesses, such as manufacturing plants, restaurants, and retail stores. Stock market: Capitalism often involves buying and selling stocks and other securities on the stock market, with the goal of earning a profit from the increase in the value of those stocks. Competition: Capitalism encourages competition among businesses, which can lead to better quality products and lower prices for consumers. Free market: Capitalism is often associated with a free market economy, where prices and wages are determined by supply and demand rather than government intervention. Innovation: In a capitalist system, individuals and businesses are incentivized to innovate and create new products and services in order to increase profits and gain a competitive advantage.