What are the six common stages of the learning cycle?

PTLC comprises six steps—study, select, plan, implement, analyze, and adjust. On the following pages is a description of and the goals for each step. Prior to beginning the cycle, teachers will have analyzed student achievement data to identify a specific standard or standards on which many students are not proficient.

The learning cycle is an inquiry-based teaching approach and model of instructions that continues to demonstrate significant effectiveness in the classroom to promote critical thinking, active learning, and meaningful learning. The learning cycle drives learners through a study by inspiring them to explore resources, form a concept, and use or extend the idea to other scenarios. It is a subsequential process for both learning and teaching.

The learning cycle model is a constructivist instructional model in which student uses their initial understanding and skills to advance their thinking. The model offers steps that promote understanding and employment of content that impel students towards inquiry and finding in their learning. The application of the learning cycle model can enable students to learn since it is directly linked with the interactions with the surroundings to examine phenomena; hence, they can comprehend the notion of teaching resources and obtain the learning objectives. Also, it can advance learning consequences.

The model divides the activities into three distinctive groups: explorationconcept development, and concept application. The model starts with the exploration, which offers the students firsthand experiences with the phenomena. The students are charged with data collection. The teacher prepares for exploration by gathering the essential things that pupils will utilize. The concept development phase follows the exploration, where students analyze and interpret the collected data. Students here are allowed to build a comprehension of the ideas through interaction with the materials collected. Lastly, the concept application is when the students should apply the newly acquired concept in different contexts and relate it to the held conceptions.

Learning cycle groups require that students be categorized according to their abilities to grasp the contents taught. They can be grouped depending on the characteristics that they share in common. Those who have mastered the content and skills are engaged in enrichment practices.

In the model, concept application is seen as the last and third step but not the final step since it is a cycle, and the cycle keeps on repeating itself from the first step to the third over and over without an end. Suppose a student or a group has not understood well everything taught. In that case, the teacher might start afresh with them from the first step of exploration through concept development and concept application. The learning cycle is continuous in the classroom, and it should repeat itself repeatedly irrespective of the subject and topic.


Students are offered materials and activities during the exploration phase that permit them to explore a new phenomenon and indulge in asking questions. Students are briefly introduced to a topic and given an activity to accomplish independently or in learning cycle groups. Students investigate questions while developing critical thinking skills concerning the taught subject. The teacher prepares by assembling required resources that the pupils will utilize. Also, the teacher offers procedures, whether written or oral, to the students to carry out activities. The teacher leads the students to do the exploration and confirms that they collected the required appropriate data. The teacher must ensure that the collected data is correct and accurate. In this phase, the teacher gives a brief introduction that ties a new concept to prior knowledge and allows the students to explore on their own by stepping back.

What is the learning cycle?

A learning cycle can be described as a teaching strategy formally used in teaching and learning. It is a subsequential process for both learning and instructions where the teaching approach and model of instructions demonstrate significant effectiveness in promoting meaningful learning.

What are the three steps of the learning cycle?

The learning cycle comprises three steps. These steps include the exploration phase, concept development, and concept application. Piaget’s model of mental functioning was used to derive the cycle.

What is the learning cycle model?

The learning cycle model is a learning and teaching style that utilizes a constructive method where cognition is developed on the students’ knowledge. The student’s understanding will be well if the process of constructing knowledge is done well.

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