Tel Aviv is the financial, economic, and technological center of the country, while its seat of government is in its proclaimed capital of Jerusalem, although Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem is unrecognized internationally.Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world, with a history that dates back thousands of years.Due to its religious significance, Jerusalem has been fought over many times. Today, it serves as a spiritual center and as the political capital of Israel, housing the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) and the residence of the president and prime minister.
Ans: Israel’s currency unit, the sheqel (sometimes spelled shekel), is also known as the shekel. There is 100 agorot in a sheqel of water. The New Israeli Sheqel (NIS) replaced the previous sheqel in 1985 at a rate of 1,000 old sheqalim to 1 new sheqel, resulting in Israel’s current monetary system (NIS 1). Only the Bank of Israel has the power to print money in Israel.
The denominations of the banknotes range from 20 NIS to 200 NIS. For example, Moshe Sharett, a Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1953–55) who was imprisoned by the British, is featured in front of the unfurling of the Israeli flag at the United Nations building in 1949 (NIS 20) and Itzhak Ben-Zvi, Israel’s second president (1952–63), is depicted in front of the unfurling of the Israeli flag at the United Nations building in 1949 (NIS 20). (NIS 100).
Jerusalem is located in the Middle East, on the Judaean Mountains plateau between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is in the central part of Israel, though its exact status has been the subject of international debate due to the longstanding Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
To the north, it is bordered by Ramallah, to the south by Bethlehem, and the west by Tel Aviv. Jerusalem’s unique geographic location has made it a crossroads for various cultures and civilizations.
The history of Jerusalem is complex and has been shaped by many different periods and influences.
Inhabited as far back as the Early Bronze Age (around 2400 BCE), Jerusalem was known initially as Jebus and was populated by a Canaanite tribe called the Jebusites. Archaeological findings have unearthed remnants of ancient fortifications and artifacts from this period.
King David captured the city from the Jebusites around 1000 BCE and declared it the capital of the united kingdom of Israel. His son Solomon built the First Temple, dedicating it as the center of Jewish worship. This period marked the establishment of Jerusalem as a spiritual, political, and cultural hub.In 586 BCE, the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem under King Nebuchadnezzar II and destroyed the First Temple. Many Jews were exiled to Babylon. Nearly fifty years later, the Persians overthrew the Babylonians, and King Cyrus allowed the Jews to return and rebuild the temple, initiating the Second Temple Period in 516 BCE.
Alexander the Great’s conquest in 332 BCE introduced Hellenistic culture to Jerusalem. The city underwent substantial change but also faced conflicts and tensions. During the Maccabean Revolt (167-160 BCE), the Jews regained control, leading to the Hasmonean Dynasty, a relative autonomy and growth period.
The Romans took control in 63 BCE, and King Herod the Great undertook massive building projects, including expanding the Second Temple. However, discontent with Roman rule grew, leading to the First Jewish-Roman War (66-73 CE), culminating in the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.
During the Roman period in Jerusalem, Jesus Christ emerged as a central figure, preaching and performing miracles in and around the city. His teachings attracted a substantial following and laid the foundation for Christianity.
The final week of Jesus’ life, known as the Passion, took place in Jerusalem and included significant events such as the Last Supper, arrest, trial, crucifixion, burial, and resurrection. These events are at the core of Christian belief and have made Jerusalem a focal point for Christian pilgrims.